Private companies were authorized and afiliates of Radio Clube Portugues, Radio Renascenca and others were established in Africa and Asia. In 1815 Brazil was elevated to the status of Kingdom, the Portuguese state officially becoming the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (Reino Unido de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves), and the capital was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, the only instance of a European country being ruled from one of its colonies. In the Portuguese overseas territories the natives live and work side by side with the whites as Portuguese citizens, absorbing Western culture gradually and without being hurried toward an independence for which their government does not consider them yet to be fitted. The British Ultimatum of 1890 was imposed upon King Carlos I of Portugal and the Pink Map came to an end. Even before the war's final resolution, the crown established the Overseas Council, conceived in 1642 on the short-lived model of the Council of India (1604–1614), and established in 1643, it was the governing body for most of the Portuguese overseas empire. Nevertheless, the Portuguese language remains co-official with Cantonese Chinese in Macau. [38] Cabral recommended to the Portuguese King that the land be settled, and two follow up voyages were sent in 1501 and 1503. This 1502 map, known as the Cantino World Map, depicts the cartographer’s interpretation of the world in light of recent discoveries. [47], Although requested by Manuel I to further explore interests in Malacca and Sri Lanka, Almeida instead focused on western India, in particular the Sultanate of Gujarat due to his suspicions of traders from the region possessing more power. Thus, throughout the century, Brazil gained increasing importance to the empire, which exported Brazilwood and sugar. It was during this expedition that the Portuguese first encountered the Kingdom of Kongo, with which it soon developed a rapport. [220], Map of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries; member states (blue), associate observers (green), and officially-interested countries & territories (gold), Actual possessions  Explorations  Areas of influence and trade  Claims of sovereignty  Trading posts  Main sea explorations, routes and areas of influence, The Se Cathedral in Goa, India, an example of Portuguese architecture and one of Asia's largest churches. A move for independence among the … The only overseas possessions to remain under Portuguese rule, the Azores and Madeira, both had overwhelmingly Portuguese populations, and Lisbon subsequently changed their constitutional status from "overseas provinces" to "autonomous regions". [200], In the wake of World War II, decolonization movements began to gain momentum in the empires of the European powers. Almeida refused to turn over power and soon placed Albuquerque under house arrest, where he remained until 1509. Many translated example sentences containing "overseas countries and territories" – Portuguese-English dictionary and search engine for Portuguese translations. [84] After Mughal ruler Humayun had success against Bahadur, the latter signed another treaty with the Portuguese to confirm the provisions and allowed the fort to be built in Diu. In the overseas provinces, the municipios are established in the capital of the province (Luanda, Lourenço Marques, Bissau, Cabinda, Praia and São Tomé) and some large cities (Matola, Beira, Huambo and Lobito). Jorge de Meneses discovered New Guinea in 1526, naming it the "Island of the Papua". | SIMON, W. J. [203], The outbreak of violence in February 1961 in Angola was the beginning of the end of Portugal's empire in Africa. Really far south. The so-called Carnation Revolution of April 1974 in Lisbon led to the hasty decolonization of Portuguese Africa and to the 1975 annexation of Portuguese Timor by Indonesia. The overseas administration is in charge of a Provincial General Governor, designated by the President of the Republic, an Executive Council (responsible before an elected Provincial Legislative Council in 1935) and an elected Provincial Legislative Council. [76] The Portuguese explorer Simão de Andrade incited poor relations with China due to his pirate activities, raiding Chinese shipping, attacking a Chinese official, and kidnappings of Chinese. Priolkar, A.K. 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